SAFed Health and Safety Passport Scheme
Module 10 —Work Equipment
forms one of a series of modules on various health and safety subjects that
comprise the examinable material considered necessary for the award of the
SAFed Health and Safety Passport.
When you have
studied this module you should have acquired sufficient knowledge to be able
to complete the questions detailed at the end of the module.
Upon satisfactory completion of all modules, you will be eligible to
undertake the final assessment for the award of the SAFed Health and Safety
Health and Safety Passport is issued to Engineer Surveyors by the Health and
Safety Manager of their employing company upon satisfactory completion of the
Safety Passport final assessment.
The award of the SAFed Health and Safety Passport provides evidence that the holder of the Passport has the appropriate knowledge and awareness in health and safety matters considered necessary for an Engineer Surveyor to undertake the duties for which they are authorised by their employing company.
The passport is valid for a maximum of three years.
this module you should be aware of:
requirement regarding Work Equipment at work within your own company and if
applicable, the site at which you are working at the time.
and Safety laws, which cover this module are:
and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
and Use of Work Regulations 1998
Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
The safety in
use and maintenance of work equipment is covered by:
The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98), which
replaces and revokes the earlier PUWER 92.
PUWER 98 applies to all work equipment, including lifting equipment.
However, there are also the Lifting
Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER 98) which cover
the lifting aspects of equipment and lifting operations.
98 — Introduction
required that work equipment be maintained in good repair and an efficient
state. PUWER 98 added to this by
introducing a requirement for inspection.
It requires that:
initial inspection should be carried out where the risk assessment carried out
under regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations
1999 has identified a significant risk to the operator or other workers from
the installation or use of the work equipment.
periodic inspection should be carried out where the safe operation of work
equipment is critically dependent on its condition in use and deterioration
would lead to a significant risk to the operator or other worker.
results of such inspections should be recorded and kept until the next
inspection has been recorded.
equipment taken from an employer’s workplace, for example moved to another
site, must be accompanied by physical evidence that the last inspection
required by these regulations was carried out.
equipment obtained from the undertaking of another person can be used unless
there is physical evidence that the last inspection required by the
regulations has been carried out.
PUWER 98 also contains specific requirements for
mobile work equipment.
What is PUWER?
The Regulations require
risks to people’s health and safety, from equipment that they use at work,
to be prevented or controlled. In
addition to the requirements of PUWER, lifting equipment is also subject to
the requirements of the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations
What does PUWER do?
In general terms, the Regulations require that
equipment provided for use at work is: suitable for the intended use; safe for
use, maintained in a safe condition and, in certain circumstances, inspected
to ensure this remains the case; used only by people who have received
adequate information, instruction and training; and accompanied by suitable
safety measures, eg protective devices, markings, warnings.
What equipment is covered by the Regulations?
equipment which is used by an employee at work is covered, for example
hammers, knives, ladders, drilling machines, power presses, circular saws,
photocopiers, mobile telephones, lifting equipment (including lifts), dumper
trucks and company motor vehicles. Similarly,
if you allow employees to provide their own equipment, it too will be covered
by PUWER and you will need to make sure it complies.
Work equipment must meet all the requirements of the
Do the Regulations apply to me?
If you are an employer or self-employed person and you
provide equipment for use at work, or if you have control of the use of
equipment, then the Regulations apply to you.
They do not apply
to equipment used by the public, for example compressed air equipment used in
a garage forecourt. However, such
circumstances are covered by the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HSW
While employees do
not have duties under PUWER, they do have general duties under the HSW Act
and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (MHSWR), for
example to take reasonable care of themselves and others who may be affected
by their actions, and to co-operate with others.
The Regulations cover places where the HSW Act applies, these include
factories, offshore installations, offices, shops, hospitals, hotels, places
of entertainment etc. PUWER also
applies in common parts of shared buildings and temporary places of work such
as construction sites. While the
Regulations cover equipment used by people working from home, they do
not apply to domestic work in a private household.
What do the Regulations require?
You must ensure that
the work equipment you provide meets the requirements of PUWER.
In doing so, you should ensure that it is:
suitable for use, and for the purpose and
conditions in which it is used
maintained in a safe condition
for use so that people’s health and safety is not at risk
in certain circumstances to ensure that it is, and continues to be, safe for
Any inspection should be carried out by a competent
person (this could be an employee if they have the necessary competence to
perform the task) and a record kept until the next inspection.
You should also ensure
that risks, created by the use of the equipment, are eliminated where possible
or controlled by:
appropriate ‘hardware’ measures,
eg providing suitable guards, protection devices, markings and warning
devices, system control devices (such as emergency stop buttons) and personal
protective equipment; and
appropriate ‘software’ measures
such as following safe systems of work (eg ensuring maintenance is only
performed when equipment is shut down etc), and providing adequate
information, instruction and training.
A combination of these measures may be necessary
depending on the requirements of the work, your assessment of the risks
involved, and the practicability of such measures.
You need to ensure
that people using work equipment have received adequate training, instruction and information for the particular
Mobile work equipment
In addition to these general requirements
which apply to all work equipment, Part III of PUWER contains specific duties
regarding mobile work equipment, for example fork-lift trucks and dumper
You should ensure
that where mobile work equipment is used for carrying people, it is
suitable for this purpose. Measures should be taken to reduce the risks (eg
from it rolling over) to the safety of the people being carried, the operator
and anyone else.
Part IV of the Regulations also contains specific
requirements regarding power presses. In
particular, you should have a power press, and associated guard or protection
device, thoroughly examined at specified intervals and inspected daily in use
to ensure that it is safe.
This work should only be performed by a competent person; records
should be kept.
How do the Regulations relate to other health and safety legislation?
The requirements of the
Regulations need to be considered alongside other health and safety law.
For example, section 2 of the HSW Act requires all employers to ensure,
so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of all
their employees. Similarly, the MHSWR contain important duties relating to the
carrying out of a risk assessment to identify measures that you can take to
eliminate, or reduce, the risks presented by the particular hazards in your
workplace. Other more specific
legislation may also apply, for example:
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)
Regulations 1992, which cover, for example, workplace risks to pedestrians
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare)
Regulations 1996 which contain, for example, specific requirements relating to
certain types of work equipment such as scaffolding.
Generally, if you are meeting the requirements of more
specific legislation such as those outlined above, then this should normally
be sufficient to meet the more general requirements of PUWER.
How are the Regulations enforced?
and safety inspectors enforce the Regulations.
LOLER 98 — Introduction
defines lifting equipment as work equipment for lifting and lowering loads,
including people, and its attachments used for anchoring, fixing it or
supporting it. The measures taken
to comply with the regulations would be proportionate to any risk created by
the lifting equipment.
It should be
remembered that for items such as lift trucks, LOLER, applies to the lifting
aspects of the equipment, whilst the non-lifting aspects are under the
auspices of the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER
LOLER 98 — Specific requirements
out specific requirements, which can be summarised as follows: -
thorough examination should be carried out before the equipment is taken into
use if it does not have a certificate of conformity produced within the last
thorough examination after installation and before being put into service for
the first time, if the equipment’s safety depends on installation
thorough examination of the equipment following repair, refurbishment or being
moved and reassembled at a new site.
thorough examination in cases where the equipment is likely to deteriorate and
result in a dangerous situation.
final requirement noted above covers in-service examinations.
Since in reality, all lifting equipment is likely to deteriorate with
use, in-service examinations will almost certainly apply to all lifting
equipment that is in use]
LOLER 98 — Maximum frequencies and risk assessment
frequencies required for these in-service examinations are 6 monthly for
equipment that carries people and 12 monthly for other equipment.
Your risk assessment should determine if more frequent examinations are
necessary. In some cases your risk
assessment may determine that the frequencies can be extended, in this case the
examinations should be carried out in accordance with an examination scheme.
The risk assessment outlined above should be carried out by a competent person. The competent person will determine the extent of the thorough examination and determine the circumstances in which a test may be required.
End of module and next steps
By reaching this point you will have finished studying this particular
module. You should now have
sufficient knowledge to answer the questions contained at the end of the module.
the questions should be forwarded to your Health and Safety Manager.
you have answered the questions correctly, your Health and Safety Manager will
forward to you your next self study module.
here to answer Module 10 Questions